Authors

Abstract

In this work, a staircase patch microstrip antenna with slots is proposed to cover the 2G/3G/4G cellular mobile base station bands, when the antenna is excited with a transmission line, creates several modes these modes are composite to obtain a large bandwidth. The proposed antenna operates in the band from 0.86 GHz to 4.78 GHz with an impedance bandwidth of 138%. The use of staircase patch antenna is to achieve more attractive performance such as wider bandwidth, better impedance matching and better radiation. Inserting different slots to the patch of the antenna to enhance the gain and return loss. The gain is obtained ranging from 2.18 dBi to 5.3 dBi. Good radiation efficiencies ranging from 70% to 97% is achieved.

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