Authors

1 Electrical Engineering Department, Track Mechatronic, Imam Reza International, Mashhad, Iran

2 Faculty of Engineering – University of Al-Qadisiyah-Iraq

Abstract

Wind energy is one of the cheapest sources of energy that may solve the Climate change problem and fresh water scarcity challenges. This article introduces a novel Desalination Wind Turbine that is cheaper and more efficient than the common wind turbine, especially offshore wind turbines. In this system, the wind energy transmitted to the water pump by a hydraulic transmission line. The RO module is used for fresh water production. The pressure recovery module is added to RO system, to increase the permeated flow. It can be increased the permeate flow up to 45%, which is significant.   The Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) based on the hydraulic oil pressure measurement is implemented. In addition, the Maximum Permeate Flow Tracking control loop, similar to MPPT, is introduced to optimized the pressure of the RO system. It is increased the annual permeate production up to 8%.  The long term performance of the system, such as annual water production is calculated and the ability of the system to MPPT and the wind turbulence and gust is analyzed. The rotor speed overshoot of the closed loop system is less than 16%, which is acceptable.

Keywords