Authors

Chemical Engineering Department -Faculty of Engineering – University of Al-Qadisiyah-Iraq

Abstract

In transportation of fluid, the drag reducers in pipeline are important parameters because of drag reduction increased the ability of pump fluid when adding small amounts of additive to fluid. The frictional pressure loss in pipes is waste energy and it very costly so the drag reducing minimizes flow turbulence, reduces the costs of energy and increases throughput.  The transportation of reducing crude oil is very difficult and needs some treatment to improve its transportation and this is because of its high viscosity. The purpose of this research is to study the effect of nanoparticles of copper oxide on viscosity of R.C. and other parameters when transport it through pipes. This research investigated the viscosity, pressure drop and other parameters in three pipes (0.0127, 0.01905 and 0.0254 m) I.D. with different concentrations (0.00625, 0.0125, 0.01875, 0.025 and 0.0375 (gm/L) w/v) at 50 oC and the flow rate is 50% of maximum. The results show that the performance of the drag reduction is much better in the larger pipes diameter than the smaller one. Also, the CuO NP's effect on R.C. viscosity and the maximum viscosity deviation is about 4%. In Addition to CuO NP's to R.C. has reduced the %Dr, pressure drop and shear stress.

Keywords