Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Al-Diwaniya 58002, Iraq

2 School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK



Imagine enhancing engine efficiency with a focus on revamping cooling systems using an innovative substance called nanofluids. These fluids can powerfully dissipate heat generated during combustion, ya know? Furthermore, nanofluids are characterized as nanoparticles dispersed within a base fluid - they're pivotal to the improvement of the heat transfer in engines. Oh and did I mention that these particles are tiny? Roughly one nanometre-sized! Now here's something interesting; this study delved into exploring the unique thermal properties of what we call hybrid MWCNT/Al2O3 nanofluids. A specific volume ratio was used for investigation purposes: think 0.05 MWCNT mixed with 0.05 Al2O3 in pure distilled water (DW). Naturally, experiments didn't happen at room temperature—no sir—they ranged from a warmish 50 °C all the way up to a hot-ish 70 °C! Well, the findings illustrate brilliantly that when the heat ratchets up a notch, both the specific heat and thermal conductivity go through considerable growth. But in contrast, you've got density and viscosity experiencing a plunge. Have a look at when MWCNT/Al2O3 nanofluid was set to 70 °C; lo and behold, we clocked in the grandest value for thermal conductivity - an impressive 1.143 W/m.K! Plus there's something else of interest too – spotted keenly that our coefficient for thermal conductivity regression is sitting pretty at about 97% R2.