The aim of this investigation is the detection of the ability of salt gradient solar pond the lake of shortfall in electric power in Iraq .This study Conducted using small model of solar pond for Weather conditions of Baghdad city, balance of power and distribution of saline was done through this model and the equations found was solved numerically using finite difference approach by Matlab program to study thermal behaviour of pond for all days of the year. Temperature and density profiles obtained twenty five days after filling for different months in year and it was noted that the temperature at the bottom of the pond in Baghdad is more than the temperatures in other places of the world which leads to increase in pond efficiency. The study stated that the solar pond can be used to produce electricity better in Iraq than in other countries because of Iraq’s extant Geographic location, in addition this method is best used dusty weather in comparison with other methods of solar energy.