The column is considered as a support rooted in the ground and forms the part responsible for connecting the upper and lower level. It is a dialectic duality to provide the space with its required qualities .It is a base to support what lies above it and forms a poetic vision which hypothetically give the identity of the place .It forms a constituent in Arabic Islamic architecture worthy of comprehensive of its significance; and explore the various faces in the civilized heritage of the nation distinguished in its architectural character in terms of functional, aesthetical, historical and moral symbolism .
In this content, the column provided a typological architectural expressions in palaces, temples, masjed, caravansaries , public baths , markets ...etc. Which formed the total urban forms in the history of this land . The most significant type of columns in Arabic architecture is the Baghdadi ( the delegue) and andelosian columns .
The “research problem” represent in the ambiguity and shortage, detection, dimension and connotations implications that accompanied a column in the Arab-Islamic architecture.The research aims to detect the different dimensions and connotations of which was accompanied by the emergence of the column.
The results of research to reveal the dimensions and connotations of the different that accompanied the emergence of the column in the Arab Islamic architecture, which is the connotations of structural, historical, aesthetic, spiritual, religious, social, philosophical and symbolic, educational, environmental and urban, formal and expressive content timer as well as the connotations of heritage.