Authors

University of Al-Qadisiyah, Qadisiyah, Iraq

Abstract

Copper removal from simulated wastewater was achieved using Cement Kiln Dust (CKD) as adsorbent. The effects of contact time, pH, initial copper ion concentration, rotational speed, and Cement Kiln Dust (CKD) amount were studied. The best operating conditions were determined by applying a Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The results showed that the copper concentration has the main effect on the efficiency of copper removal followed by time, shaking rate, dosage of cement kiln dust, and pH. The best operating conditions were found to have a pH value of 8, contact time 90 minutes, shaking rate of 300 rpm, copper ion concentration 20 ppm, and a quantity of CKD equivalent to 35 g / l. Based on this optimum condition, 99 % of the efficiency of copper removal was achieved.

Keywords