Authors

Chemical Engineering Department –College of Engineering – University of Al-Qadisiyah-Iraq

Abstract

A study was carried out to remove cadmium ions from a hydrochloric medium at a concentration of 100 ppm using the emulsified liquid membrane (ELM) technique. Emphasis was placed on assessing process parameters and their effect on changing the concentration of cadmium ions in the hydrochloric solution. To study the performance characteristics of the process, Taguchi method was used with analyzing of signal/noise ratio. Five parameters that affect performance such as (pH of the external phase (1-4), surfactant concentration in the organic layer (4% -10% v / v), carrier concentration in the organic layer (4% -10%  v / v), speed of  Emulsification (5800-24000) rpm and emulsion volume ratio / outer phase ratio (Eml./Ext ratio) was studied, taking into account the change in the concentration of cadmium ions in the external phase. To obtain the lowest concentration of cadmium ions in the external stage, the values ​​of the optimum parameters were: pH = 3, Surfactant conc. = 4%, Carrier conc. = 8% emulsification speed = 19700 rpm, and Eml./Ext.  ratio = 18%. Results of the present work suggested that Eml./Ext. ratio had a major effect on the concentration change, followed by a pH in the outer phase,  the emulsification velocity,  carrier concentration, and the surfactant concentration respectively.

Keywords